Jatropha curcas L. (Jatropha), a shrub species of the family We found that central Chiapas of Mexico possesses the most diverse genetic. Classification of accessions of Jatropha curcas L. from the Jatropha Germplasm Bank of the Universidad Autónoma de Chiapas, based on. To investigate the genetic diversity and structure of Jatropha curcas L. oilseed plant, in this study, native populations from Chiapas, Mexico.
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Sex of flowers in J. In the present study, A. There were no or low linkage between all the markers chhiapas not shown. Classification of flowers The number of inflorescences was determined every 28 days during a year. The activity of insects visiting the flowers of J.
Genetic Tracing of Jatropha curcas L. from Its Mesoamerican Origin to the World
Journal of Crop Science and Biotechnology. Competing Interests The authors declare there are no competing interests. Clustering of Jatropha curcas accessions collected in the State of Chiapas, Mexico.
The highest percentage of fruit set was recorded in free pollination treatments OpP: The Diptera foraged exclusively nectar, while bees collected nectar and pollen. chiapaa
Genetic Diversity in Jatropha curcas Populations in the State of Chiapas , Mexico
Common use cases Typos, corrections needed, missing information, abuse, etc Our promise PeerJ promises to address all issues as quickly and professionally as possible. In addition insects visiting the flowers of J. Discriminant analysis of floral morphological characters For the first discriminant analysis we used all populations from Southern Mexico, and the most important characters were identified to form the five principal components and to group accessions by populations.
Pollen was quantified using a stereomicroscope and the average number of pollen grains was estimated per anther and per flower. We also evaluated the genetic variability of accessions from each of nine regions in Chiapas, to identify the center of origin. Published online May Figure S2 Flowering of Jatropha curcas in its center of origin: Cluster analysis of morphological characters of flowers Two analyses of hierarchical ascendant classification dendrogram or cluster analysis were undertaken: In our study, we found some Group B accessions from Veracruz and Guatemala were genetically close to African and Asian accessions Supplementary Table 7.
Sex expression and floral diversity in Jatropha curcas: a population study in its center of origin
We found differences in the production and quality of fruits and seeds from the different reproductive systems of J. Floral phenology Flowering and fruiting dynamics were studied in 10 plants every 14 days during one year. High production of Jatropha seeds can ensure a stable and enough supply of biofuel, which will help in the battle against the climate change.
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The tree was drawn with Treeview 1. Supplementary Material The Supplementary Material for this article can be found online at: The genetic constitution of African and Asian accessions proved to be almost identical, indicating that they are the progenies of inbreeding through successive generations within limited ancestral genotypes. The most abundant insects were Hymenoptera and Diptera, which is consistent with some previous studies in other areas Luo et al. Easy assessment of diversity in Jatropha curcas L.
We thank you in advance for your patience and understanding. The following information was supplied regarding data availability:. Darbar BashaMulpuri Sujatha Euphytica Some other studies reported plants with only female flowers Pecina-Quintero et al. Journal List Front Plant Sci v. Population genetic software for teaching and research.
Furcas characterize the Mesoamerican ancestral genetic group of African and Asian accessions, we assumed that African and Asian Jatropha originated from different Mesoamerican genetic groups and then constructed scenarios. Nonetheless, many studies about J. Showing of 73 references. Flowering dynamics of accessions of Jatropha curcas L.
Accuracy of estimated phylogenetic trees from molecular data. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licensewhich permits unrestricted use, distribution, reproduction and adaptation in any medium and for any purpose provided that it is properly attributed. Materials and Methods Study site and biological material The study was conducted within the living fences of a farm plot at Soconusco, Chiapas, Southern Mexico Genetic diversity and structure of Jatropha curcas L.