ENFOQUE ACADEMICISTA PDF» Pdf Data. ENFOQUES CURRICULARES Es un cuerpo teórico que sustenta la forma en que se visualizan. ACADEMICISTA. Y. EL. TECNOLÓGICO. El enfoque curricular constructivista tiene como uno de sus principales fundamentos los siguientes: Considera el. Enfoques Academista e Intelectualista. Exponente: Laura Beatriz Solís Cruz. Catedrático: Mtro. Aurelio Quiróz González. Teoría Curricular. Modelo Curricular.

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In order to theoretically analyze, from the perspective of new monetary economics and social learning, the evolution of monetary arrangements with functional separation of money, this paper develops a method to study this phenomenon in the history of monetary arrangements of the North and Baltic Seas region, from the Hanseatic League onwards.

The aim is to do historical economics, analyzing history from the perspective of the economic theorist, while the approach is topic-oriented rather than discipline-oriented, involving economics, history, and cognitive science. The focus will be on the cognitive aspect of money as social institution.

This implies multiple methods. The evolution of units of account and media of exchange are adaptive responses by human minds. The focus will be on the heuristics of long-distance traders in the Baltic and North Seas region, expressed in the form of units of account and media of exchange they used and their success in the contemporary trading environments. Lessons for monetary separation with an abstract unit of account compared with one based on a commodity bundle will be developed.

This involves the identification of the unit of account in which contracts and calculations were made and what media of exchange were used to make the payments. From a cognitive perspective, the medium of account provides a script that translates the unit of account into a particular worth.

When the value of the underlying commodity bundle changes from the original worth, market agents observe a script deviation of that bundle, attributing thatto changes in the commodity space, and adjust the bundle accordingly. This method will be developed to be able to study four historical cases: Hanseatic monetary arrangements, seventeenth century banking, the gold standard and the unification of monetary functionsand nineteenth century monetary unions,and interwar monetary fragmentation.

Persons with severe dementia suffer from major cognitive impairment, and are in need of considerable caring services. They commonly react with problematic behaviors, such as resistance and aggression in close care e. Non-pharmacological treatments such as care interventions should be used to enhance mutuality in the encounter and minimize problematic behaviors. Music Therapeutic Caregiving MTC is one such intervention and involves the caregiver singing for or together with the persons with dementia during caregiving.

MTC is proposed to decrease expressions of aggressive behaviors and thereby enhance communication between persons with dementia and their caregivers.

In addition, it has been suggested that MTC can enhance the posture and sensory awareness of persons with dementia, as well as alter the characteristics of the enfoqus and moods of both the caregivers and the persons with dementia. This thesis was designed with the aim of demonstrating how interventions using MTC impacted the participants in this study, which included patients with severe dementia and their caregivers. Five studies were included in acdaemicista thesis, each of which focused on specific aspects of morning care situations with or without the use of MTC.

The first study I aimed to describe the experiences of professional caregivers while caring for persons with dementia. The fourth study IV focused on a single case and was designed to describe curgicular expressions of emotion and of resistiveness to care of two nursing home residents with severe dementia, during morning care situations without and with music therapeutic caregiving.

The final study V aimed to describe expressions of emotions and resistiveness to care among two groups of persons with dementia. Study I revealed that during usual morning care situations without the use of MTCthe caregivers often had problems reaching the persons with dementia and described a struggle when it was necessary to physically restrain some patients due to aggression and resistance.

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They found consolation when the persons with dementia showed them affection. In study II, the academixista with dementia were described as not mentally present during usual morning care situations, and their resistance and aggression lead to difficulties in communicating and cooperating.


Study III revealed that the caregivers communicated mainly with verbal instructions and body movements, and that they seldom invited the persons with dementia to participate in the communication.

The responses of persons with dementia were at times active and compliant, and other times confused, disruptive, resistant and aggressive.

During MTC, the caregivers described a feeling of well-being, as positive emotions seemed dominant for both the caregivers study I and the persons with dementia study II. The caregivers sense of well-being led to a joyful and positive encounter with the persons with dementia study I.

In study IIcaregivers found the persons with dementia better able to express themselves appropriately. Expressions of positive emotions were dominant amongst patients and they were mainly described as relaxed, self-confident, and pliable. Study III further revealed that the caregivers seemed more interested in communicating with the persons with dementia and solicited mutual engagement.

In study IVboth residents increased positive expressed emotions, while the negative expressed emotions and resistance decreased.

Study V also aademicista that the positive emotions, such as pleasure and general alertness significantly increased during MTC, while resistant behaviors, such as pulling away, grabbing objects and adduction, were significantly reduced. From this thesis, it can be concluded that the use of MTC during morning care situations with persons curricilar dementia can increase their positive expressed emotions, decrease their negative expressed cuericular and resistance to care, and lead to a more positive interaction with their caregivers.

It can also be concluded that MTC can enhance communication between persons with dementia and their caregivers during caring and thus increase the mutuality in the encounter, thereby facilitating an interpersonal relation during morning care situations.

More research concerning MTC is needed and should be conducted using different data collection and analysis methods, as well as different care situations. In studying his work semiotics is used as a method in analysing the rhetoric of his photographs and their relations to the photographic world, the artworld and the lifeworld.

ENFOQUE ACADEMIS by Raul reyes on Prezi

In relation to the I – here and nowposition of the lifeworld the surrealism of Bataille can be seen as a downwardgoing rhetoric on the Great Chain of Being, the hierarchy of the lifeworld, from stone, via object, plant and man, to society or God.

The dominant function in the photographs is the metasemiotic, since pictures and other signs are depicted and commented on. Also the photographs of transsexuals depict and comment signs, men that are signs of women. His photographs of transsexuals has been interpreted as a social realistic documentary, but is better understood as a surrealist union of two terms as unlike as possible, femininity and masculinity.

Another important function in his photographs is the interpersonal function suggesting a conjunction of emotive and conative functions.

Along with isolation concealment of the object is used, which makes the object difficult to identify. We are not allowed to complete the act of perception, we see only the point of view. His work is also discussed in relation to postvisualization as an opposition to the well known photographic notion of previsualization. In order to explain different rhetorical maneuvres semiotically in relation to the spatial lifeworld, the notion of familiarization is used as an opposition to Victor Shklovskys well known notion of estrangement.

Also ending with what is strange is a horizontal axis with rhetorical relations on the same level. A similar cross is used to explain rhetorical temporal movements between past and present and present and future with the present I – here and nowsituation of the origo.


The Fantasy Design project promoting design education in the school was implemented in close cooperation between five European countries Belgium, Denmark, Finland, Norway and Scotland between and and with funding from EU Culture Programme.

The evaluation includes observation of design educational situations and of the international exhibition. Coordinators on international and national levels and actors such as teachers, design pedagogues and designers have been interviewed. Documents such as the EU-application, The Fantasy Design catalogue, websites, national and self evaluations, magazines, articles, TV programs and pictorial documentations of different parts of the project have been studied.

Some of these were put on show in an international touring exhibition. The total sum visiting the international exhibitions in Helsinki, Gent and Glasgow were 76 visitors. Material for educational projects was produced, including the catalogue used in the exhibition. On the website other educational material could be downloaded by teachers to use in their design education. Cooperation and means for bringing pupils and designers together were successful.

The project has reached its objectives according to the enfqoue mentioned in the application. It has a focus on complete communicative processes, which means that the pupils have been taken seriously in their work. It is forward-looking in its ambition to educate for creativity and cooperative win-win situations between institutions such as schools and museums, and also between countries.

In a short time the rate of unemployment had risen from 1. The sparsely populated areas in the furthermost northern counties of Sweden have had a high rate of unemployment and incapacity rates sick days per insured and year during many years.

However, as in Stockholm, the unemployed were over-represented among the long-term sick. This was especially true for men. The unemployed had also to wait longer for a rehabilitation investigation to be drawn up by the social insurance office days compared with the employed 78 days. The study partly supports the hypothesis that the unemployed people are disregarded in vocational rehabilitation.

A more important finding, however, was that vocational rehabilitation in general, regardless of employment status, seems beset with problems. Neither employers nor the social insurance offices seem to live up to the responsibilities that was given them according to the Rehabilitation Reform of For both employed and unemployed long-term sick-listed people with musculoskeletal problems, the time before start of vocational rehabilitation does not seem to be the determining academciista that it so often is stated.

Curricular, when investigating all types of diagnoses the time cjrricular start of vocational rehabilitation does seem to be important.

The results indicated that women had less chance than men in succeeding with their vocational rehabilitation. Women obtain more on-the-job training while men undergo vocational programmes containing education. Education has been shown to be an effective measure for successful vocational rehabilitation, so therefore it may be concluded that women are more or less unfairly treated with regards to vocational rehabilitation.

The study also showed that an unemployed sick-listed person has much less chance of returning to the Labour Market after rehabilitation than an employed person. The short, limited and low-cost vocational rehabilitation that the unemployed are offered may not be adequate to sufficiently affect future sick-leave.

They may need more individually adjusted measures. A multidisciplinary vocational rehabilitation programme, with work training and case management was shown, twelve months after the end of the programme, to be more effective regarding lowered benefit levels for unemployed sick-listed people, than a conventional rehabilitation programme.

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