Descriptions and articles about the Chard, scientifically known as Beta vulgaris var. cicla in the Encyclopedia of Life. Includes Ecology; Associations; Wiki. Beta vulgaris var. cicla Linn. 厚皮菜. Description from Flora of China. Root branched, not tuberlike. The leaves are used as a vegetable (spinach beet, Swiss . EPPO code: BEAVV; Preferred name: Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris var. cicla; Authority: (Linnaeus) Arcangeli. Notes. Beet cultivated as a.
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The seed contains an annular embryo and copious perisperm feeding tissue. Archived from the original on Researchers have not yet answered whether beets produce geosmin themselves or whether it is produced by symbiotic soil microbes living in the plant.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Beet. Views Read Edit View history. Retrieved 21 May Betaine and betalaintwo phytochemical compounds prevalent in Beta vulgarisare under basic research for their potential biological properties.
The wild ancestor of the cultivated beets is the sea beet Beta vulgaris subsp. In some parts of Africa, the whole leaf blades are usually prepared with the vag as one dish. The taxonomy of the various cultivated races has a long and complicated history, they were treated at the rank of either subspeciesor convarieties or varieties. Some attribute the name to it having been first described by a Swiss botanist, either Gaspard Bauhin  or Karl Heinrich Emil Koch  although the latter was German, not Swiss.
It remains a widely cultivated commercial crop for producing table sugar, in part due to subsidies scaled to keep it competitive with tropical sugar cane. Chard belongs to the chenopodswhich are now mostly included in the family Amaranthaceae sensu lato.
Archived from the original PDF on Look up chard in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. The roots and leaves of the beet have been used in traditional medicine to treat a wide variety of ailments.
beta vulgaris cicla extract,
Chard can be harvested while the leaves are young and tender, or after maturity when they are larger and have slightly tougher stems. Archived from the original e-book on Beta vulgaris beet is a plant which is included in Betoideae subfamily in the Amaranthaceae family.
The Hamlyn Publishing Group Limited. Flora of North America Editorial Committee eds. There are two rankless cultivar groups for chard: Retrieved from ” https: Beta vulgaris belongs to the subfamily Betoideae in family Amaranthaceae s.
In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. In the cultivars of the Flavescens-Group, the leaf stalks are large and often prepared separately from the leaf blade. They grow best on vklgaris to slightly alkaline soils containing plant nutrients and additionally Sodium and Boron. An International Journal of Medicine. Chard is a biennial.
Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris
Zohary and Hopf note that beetroot is “linguistically well identified. Moritz Baron von Vulgaeis and his son further selected from this race for white, conical tubers. List of beet diseases. This page was last edited vulgatis 5 Decemberat Chard is also known by many common namessuch as Swiss chardsilver beetperpetual spinachbeet spinachseakale beetor leaf beet.
EPPO Global Database
This page was last edited on vulgxris Novemberat There are 18 chromosomes found in 2 sets, which makes beets diploid. In fruit, the glomerules of flowers form connate hard clusters. Beets are cultivated for fodder e.
Chard is one of the hardier leafy greens, with a harvest season typically lasting longer than kalespinach or baby greens. Chard has shiny, green, ribbed leaves, with petioles that range from white to yellow to red, depending on the cultivar.
Cultivars of chard include green forms, such as ‘Lucullus’ and ‘Fordhook Giant’, as vulgaaris as red-ribbed forms such as ‘Ruby Chard’ and ‘Rhubarb Chard’. Chard or Swiss chard Beta vulgaris subsp. The stems grow erect or, in the wild forms, often procumbent; they are simple or branched in the upper part,  and their surface is ribbed and striate.
Other pigments contained beat beet are indicaxanthin and vulgaxanthins yellow to orange pigments known as betaxanthins. Cultivated beets are grown vu,garis in regions without severe frosts. Sea beet Beta vulgaris subsp.
The leaves and stems of young plants are steamed briefly and eaten as a vegetable; older leaves and stems are stir-fried and have a flavour resembling taro leaves.